First Space Summer School, Islamabad, July 22, 2017

Chairman PCST, as the Chief Guest, attending Prize Distribution Ceremony of Pakistan's First Space Summer School organised by Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad.

The Triple Helix Seminar, Islamabad, 26th July 2017

The Chairman PCST delivered a presentation titled "Harnessing Potential of Triple Helix for Rural Development" in the seminar on "The Triple Helix: Relationship between Government, Academia and Industry" organized by the Institute of Rural Development on 26th July 2017 at Islamabad.

Delegation of China Association of Science and Technology (CAST) visiting PCST on May 19, 2017

A four member delegation of senior scientists from China Association of Science and Technology (CAST) visiting PCST on May 19, 2017.

Delegation of China Association of Science and Technology (CAST) visiting PCST on May 19, 2017

A four member delegation of senior scientists from China Association of Science and Technology (CAST) visiting PCST on May 19, 2017.

2nd Invention to Innovation Summit, Quetta, April 25, 2017

The Chairman, PCST participated as a Guest of Honor and delivered a keynote lecture titled "Health Challenges of Modern Life Style and Treatment with Prophetic Medicine" during the 2nd Invention to Innovation Summit held at University of Baluchistan, Quetta. Honorable Governor Balochistan Muhammad Khan Achakzai was the Chief Guest at the occasion.

Delegation from Beijing Technology & Business University (BTBU), China visited PCST, Islamabad

A three member delegation of senior scientists comprising of Dr. Tan Xiangyong , Dr. Zhang Xiaotang, and Mr. Luo Chaoneng from Beijing Technology & Business University (BTBU), China, visited PCST on 4th May, 2017. Please click for further details.

Delegation from Beijing Technology & Business University (BTBU), China visited PCST, Islamabad

A three member delegation of senior scientists comprising of Dr. Tan Xiangyong , Dr. Zhang Xiaotang, and Mr. Luo Chaoneng from Beijing Technology & Business University (BTBU), China, visited PCST on 4th May, 2017. Please click for further details.

Delegation from Beijing Technology & Business University (BTBU), China visited PCST, Islamabad

A three member delegation of senior scientists comprising of Dr. Tan Xiangyong , Dr. Zhang Xiaotang, and Mr. Luo Chaoneng from Beijing Technology & Business University (BTBU), China, visited PCST on 4th May, 2017. Please click for further details.

4th One Day Symposium on Recent Trends in Life Sciences at University of Central Punjab, April 17, 2017

The Chairman, PCST participated as the Chief Guest during the occasion and delivered his keynote Lecture on "Prophetic Medicine: Way Forward for Healthy Society".

Research Productivity Award (RPA)-2015 Distribution Ceremony, IIUI, Islamabad, April 06, 2017

The Chairman, PCST delivered a keynote lecture titled "How Ramdhan Fasting Can improve Health and Cure Chronic Diseases like Diabetes and Raised Blood Pressure and Cholesterol" at International Islamic University, Islamabad on April 06, 2017.

International Conference on Current Research in Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, FC College University, Lahore, January 18, 2017

Prof. Anwar Gilani, S.I. Chairman PCST alongwith Prof. Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman, H.I., presenting certificates of Research Productivity Award-2015 during the International Conference on Current Research in Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences held at FC College University, Lahore, January 18, 2017.

International Conference on Current Research in Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, FC College University, Lahore, January 18, 2017

Prof. Anwar Gilani, Chairman PCST alongwith Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman and Prof. Dr. James A. Tebbe with the speakers and participants of the Conference. Chairman, PCST participated in the conference as Guest of Honor and delivered a keynote lecture.

International Conference on Current Research in Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, FC College University, Lahore, January 18, 2017

The Chairman PCST, participated as a Guest of Honor and delivered a keynote lecture on "Efficacy and safety of the products is influenced by the presence of synergistic and/or side-effects neutralizing combinations" at FC College University, Lahore, January 18, 2017.

RPA-2015 Award Distribution Ceremony, BZU, Multan, January 19, 2017

The Chairman, PCST presenting certificates of Research Productivity Award (RPA)-2015 to the researchers and academicians of Bahauddin Zakariya University during a ceremony held on January 19, 2017 at Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan

RPA-2015 Award Distribution Ceremony, BZU, Multan, January 19, 2017

Prof. Anwar Gilani, Chairman, PCST and Prof. Tahir Amin, VC Bahauddin Zakariya University alongwith the awardees of Research Productivity Award-2015 at BZU, Multan, January 19, 2017.

"One Health Fellowship Program" organized by National Academy of Sciences, US and Pakistan Academy of Sciences, Islamabad, March 30, 2017

The Chairman PCST delivered a Keynote Lecture titled "One Health-Ensuring Healthy Society" at Pakistan Academy of Sciences, Islamabad

First National Graduate Conference

Prof. Anwar Gilani, Chairman, PCST participated as a Guest of Honour during the Inaugural Session of First National Graduate Conference Organized by Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, March 15-16, 2017

5th International Conference NUTRICON 2017 - Food and Nutritional Security, GC University, Faisalabad, March 7-8, 2017

Prof. Anwar Gilani participated as a Guest of Honor and delivered a Keynote Lecture titled "Functional Food for Health and Wellness: Avenues of Entrepreneurship" in the International Conference on "Food & Nutritional Security: Impact of Climate change (FNSC-2017) & "Food and Nutrition Expo" at GC University, Faisalabad.

5th International Conference NUTRICON 2017 - Food and Nutritional Security, GC University, Faisalabad, March 7-8, 2017

Prof. Anwar Gilani, while participating as a Guest of Honor, receiving souvenir from the Chief Guest and distributing Certificate to the winner of Research Productivity Award.

6th International Fisheries Symposium and Expo-2017, February 8-9, 2017

Prof. Anwar Gilani, Chairman, PCST presenting a Key Note Lecture on "Functional Foods for Health and Wellness - Avenues of Entrepreneurship" during 6th International Fisheries Symposium and Expo-2017 on "Innovative and Sustainable Aquaculture for Blue Revolution".

6th International Fisheries Symposium and Expo-2017, February 8-9, 2017

The Chairman, PCST PCST participated as a Guest of Honour during the 6th International Fisheries Symposium and Expo-2017 on "Innovative and Sustainable Aquaculture for Blue Revolution" at University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore.

UNIDO Global Cleantech Innovation Programme

The Chairman, PCST participated as a Guest of Honor during the Award Distribution Ceremony of UNIDO "Global Cleantech Innovation Programme for SMEs and Start-ups in Pakistan" at Marriott, Islamabad, January 12, 2017. Honorable Federal Minister for Climate Change, Mr. Zahid Hamid was the Chief Guest at the occasion.

Vice Chancellor, National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) visited PCST, August, 15, 2016

Prof. Anwar Gilani, SI with Lt. Gen. Syed Muhammad Imran Majeed, HI(M), Vice-Chancellor, National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) at PCST, Islamabad.

DICE AUTOMATIVE-2016, December 28, 2016

Prof. Anwar Gilani participated as a Chief Guest in DICE AUTOMATIVE-2016 and distributed RPA certificates among the winners at NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi.

12th Session of APCTT, December 19-21-2016

The Chairman, PCST participated in the International Workshop and Twelfth Session of the Governing Council of The Asia and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT) and delivered invited lecture (Gender Mainstreaming in STI in Pakistan: Current Status & Future Prospects) at Islamabad.

International Workshop on "Research Methods in Nutrition", December 13, 2016

Prof. Anwar Gilani participated as a Chief Guest in the International Workshop on "Research Methods in Nutrition" and distributed RPA certificates among the winners at The University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

AGAHI Award - 2016

The Chairman, PCST participated as a Guest of Honors, in the AGAHI Award - 2016 at National Library of Pakistan, Islamabad.

National Conference on "Feeding the 9-Billion Through Sustainable Agriculture", December 12, 2016

Prof. Anwar Gilani participated as a Chief Guest, and delivered a Key Note lecture on "Food security through sustainable Agriculture" at the National Conference on "Feeding the 9-Billion Through Sustainable Agriculture" at University of Haripur, KPK.

International conference on Science Technology and Innovation Policy and Management, November 16, 2016

Prof. Anwar Gilani participated as a Guest of Honor and delivered lecture at the 1st International Conference on Science Technology and Innovation Policy and Management under the aegis of Mehran University of Engineering and Technology (MUET), PCST, HEC and ECO Science Foundation at Karachi. PCST and MUET also signed a MoU for collaboration in policy research.

Conference on "Frontiers of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology", October 27, 2016

Prof. Anwar Gilani participated as a Chief Guest of the Concluding Ceremony of 3rd Conference on "Frontiers of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology" organized by PINSTECH at Islamabad.

National Conference on Recent Innovations in Pharmaceutical Sciences, October 26, 2016

The Chairman PCST participated in the National Conference on Recent Innovations in Pharmaceutical Sciences organized by Riphah International University at Margalla Hotel, Islamabad and delivered a keynote lecture titled "Combating challenge of microbial resistance to antibiotics through using natural products in holistic form".

National Seminar on South-South Cooperation in the Framework of Sustainable Development Goals, September 22, 2016

The Chairman, PCST participated in the national seminar on South-South Cooperation in the Framework of Sustainable Development Goals organized by PAS & COMSATS at PAS, Islamabad as Guest of Honor and a Keynote speaker, title as "Contribution of STI to the Three Dimensions of Sustainable Development".

13th Biennial Conference, CIIT Abbottabad, August 25, 2016

Prof. Anwar Gilani participated as a Guest of Honor and delivered a Key Note lecture on "Efficacy and Safety of natural products is influenced by the Presence of Synergistic and/or side-effects neutralizing combinations of chemicals" in 13th Biennial Conference conducted by CIIT Abbottabad Campus.

Asian Council of Science Editors (ACSE) Meeting, August 10-11, 2016

Chairman, PCST attended Annual ACSE meeting in Dubai and chaired a session.

"One Health" Symposium, August 08, 2016

The Chairman, PCST participated as a Chief Guest & delivered a Key Note lecture on "Nutrition / Functional Foods & One Health" in the "One Health" Symposium at The University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Consultative Workshop on “Policies for Research Commercialization” held at Quetta, 5th May 2016.

Prof. Dr. Anwar-ul-Hassan Gilani with the Chief Guest Governor Baluchistan, Muhammad Khan Achakzai. Prof. Gilani was Guest of Honor on the occasion and delivered his key note lecture on Functional Foods for Health and Wellness – Avenues of Entrepreneurship.

Event on “Past, Present and Future of Science: Making Pakistan Science Conscious” held at Pakistan Academy of Sciences, Islamabad, February 17, 2016.

Prof. Anwar ul Hassan Gilani alongwith Dr. A.Q. Khan and other distinguished guests and participants during the event.

DICE Energy-2015 at NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi from 22nd - 23rd December, 2015.

The Chairman PCST was the Guest of Honour with Prof. Dr. Atta-ur-Rehman (UNESCO Laureate and former Chairman, HEC) & Mr. Ubaid ur Rehman (Chair DICE Energy, USA) at the inaugural session. This event was jointly organized by PCST, NED Uni. Engg. & Tech (Karachi) and DICE (USA).

DICE Automotive 2015 at National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad from 26th – 27th November, 2015.

Prof. Ahsan Iqbal, the Federal Minister for Planning, Development & Reforms was the Chief Guest whereas, the Chairman PCST attended event as the Guest of Honour at the closing session. This event was jointly organized by PCST, NUST and DICE (USA).

DICE 2015 Mega Innovation and Entrepreneurship at University of Agriculture, Faisalabad from 24th – 25th November, 2015.

Malik M. Rafiq Rajwana, the Governor Punjab was the Chief Guest at the inaugural session whereas, the Chairman PCST attended this event as the Guest of Honour. The Chairman PCST also delivered keynote lecture on “Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Universities and R&D Organizations”.

11th Convocation Program of Muhammad Ali Jinnah University at Jinnah Convention Center, Islamabad on 19th November, 2015.

Mr. Muhammad Baligh ur Rehman, the Federal Minister of State for Education was the Chief Guest whereas, the Chairman PCST attended the Convocation as Guest of Honour. He focused on "Strong relation of education standards with scientific output" during his address.

17th Convocation Ceremony of Pakistan Academy of Medical Sciences (PAMS) at University of Health Sciences, Lahore on 13th November, 2015.

The Chairman PCST, being Scientific Secretary & fellow of the PAMS participated in the ceremony. The Governor of the Punjab is being introduced with fellows of PAMS.

Pakistan National Cleantech Innovation Competition Award distribution ceremony at Islamabad, October 14, 2015.

Mr. Ghulam Murtaza Jatoi, the Federal Minister for Industries and Production was the Chief Guest whereas, the Chairman PCST attended the ceremony as Guest of Honour.

Annual Prize Distribution Ceremony at Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad on 06th October, 2015.

The Chairman PCST attended the ceremony as the Chief Guest and he distributed the prizes to winners (quiz, running etc competition).

National Workshop on "Textile Industry: Challenges and Opportunities towards Value Addition" at National Textile University Faisalabad on 05th October, 2015.

Rana Tanveer Hussain, the Federal Minister for S&T was the Chief Guest whereas, the Chairman PCST was the Guest of Honor at inaugural session. This workshop was organized by PCST in collaboration with National Textile University (NTU), Faisalabad with objective to highlight the challenges faced by textile industry and to explore the potential opportunities available.

National Conference on "Building Knowledge-based Economy in Pakistan: Learning from Best Practices" at Serena Hotel Islamabad from 09th – 10th September, 2015.

Prof. Ahsan Iqbal, the Federal Minister for Planning, Development & Reforms whereas, the Chairman PCST attended conference as the Guest of Honour at closing session. The theme of this conference was to suggest plausible recommendations to the Government to facilitate transformation of Pakistan's economy into a Knowledge-based-Economy (KBE). Renowned economists, technical experts and policy professionals of Pakistan participated in the conference.

ACSE 2015 Annual Meeting "Trends in Academic and Scholarly Publishing in Asia" at Dubai (UAE), August 13-14, 2015.

The 2nd Annual Meeting was attended by the Chairman PCST/Editor-in-Chief Journal of Science, Technology and Development.

1st Regional Workshop on "Harnessing Science, Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development" United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) on 06th August, 2015.

Prof. Dr. Anwar Gilani, Chairman PCST, represented the country at Asian Pacific Center for Transfer of Technology (APCTT) at Bangkok, Thailand and delivered a lecture on "Contribution of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI), Three Dimensions of Sustainable Development". Group photo with the Chief Guest, Dr. Shamshad Akhtar, the Under-Secretary General UNESCAP & Former Governor State Bank of Pakistan.

Mr. Fazal Abbas Maken, the Federal Secretary, Ministry of Science and Technology visited Pakistan Council for Science and Technology (PCST)

Mr. Fazal Abbas Maken, the Federal Secretary, Ministry of Science and Technology visited Pakistan Council for Science and Technology on 28th July 2015 and chaired a meeting in the Committee Room of PCST. Chairman PCST gave a detailed presentation on the mandate and activities of PCST.

Consultative Workshops on "Policies for Creating Enabling Environment for Encouraging Problem Solving Research"

The Workshop held on 11th June 2015 in Islamabad at Pakistan Academy of Sciences.

NORI PAEC First Symposium “Nanotheranostics 2015: A New Era of Nanotechnology”

Chairman PCST, Prof. Dr. Anwar-ul-Hassan Gilani Participated as a Chief Guest, presenting shield to Dr. Abida.

Third Journalism Agahi Awards

Chairman PCST, Prof. Dr. Anwar-ul-Hassan Gilani as a Guest of Honor presenting award of the Most Credible Anchor to Mr Nadeem Malik, the host of SAMAA's flagship current affair program 'Nadeem Malik Live, at the Third Journalism Agahi Awards Ceremony held on April 25, 2015 in Islamabad.

The Symposium on Inegrative Medicine for Better Healthcare

The Chairman PCST participated as a Guest of Honor and plenary speaker in the symposium on "Inegrative Medicine for Better Healthcare" held on April 15, 2015 in Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.

United Nations APCTT: The Third Asia-Pacific National Innovation System Forum

Panel discussion with question-answer session with participants over the two days of the program shared very rich and contrasting national perspectives on how developing countries are grappling with improving their National Innovation systems and foreshadowed the impending challenges that the global sustainable development agenda will place on the STI sector. The event held on 08-09 April 2015 in Bangkok, Thailand.

Sixth Consultative Workshop Policies for Creating Enabling Environment for Encouraging Problem-Solving Research

Dr. Tariq Bashir, Principal Research Officer, PCST speaking at the Workshop held on 9th April 2015 in the University of Karachi.

The International Conference on Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dubai

Chairman, PCST Prof. Dr. Anwar Gilani as as a Guest of Honor, presenting certificate to one of the participants at the International Conference on Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dubai, Jan 21-22

World Science Day 2014

Prof. Dr. Anwar Gilani receiving "Dr Z.A. Hashmi R & D Award" and Medal from Mr. Zahid Hamid, Minister for Science and Technology at the World Science Day, PSF, Islamabad on 10th Nov 2014

National Commission for Science & Technology


Decision of 2nd Meeting of NCST

 

 

Agenda Item: Human Resource Development

a) The promising Universities, Institutes, or Centres, which are able to provide M.Phil/Ph.D level training programmes be strengthened and brought to international level for training Ph.D. level scientific and technological manpower in critical fields of Science and Technology. Ten such institutions be selected for the purpose.

b) A scheme be launched to invite 25 renowned expatriate Pakistani scientists and Technologists settled in USA, Canada and Europe, etc. to Pakistan each year, for a period of 3 months to 1 year.

c) A scheme be launched to invite 25 senior foreign academicians and experts in Science and Technology from advanced western countries for one to two years duration to work in R&D institutions and universities in Pakistan, each year.

d) A national programme of producing about 300 Ph.Ds annually in important fields of Science and Technology at Pakistani Universities, Institutes and Centres be launched. The Universities be supported to develop/ upgrade their facilities in terms of equipment, consumables, books, etc.

e) A limited number of 100 permanent faculty members of universities or scientists and technologists of research institutions in public sector be sent to institutions in advanced Western Countries for training at M.S/ Ph.D. levels each year.

f) A scheme should be introduced for 6-12 months postdoctoral level training of 100 Pakistani scientists annually in suitable institutions abroad in priority areas related to national needs.

g) Existing Polytechnic Colleges be strengthened and more training Institutes/ Centres be established on the pattern of Pak-Swiss Training Institute to meet the requirement of skilled manpower in the new and emerging high-tech fields.

h-1) A system of contractual appointments should be introduced whereby the scientists and technologists including those retired with higher caliber are inducted on a temporary contract basis with a much higher salary structure for 3 years tenure (extendable), and their research productivity is independently assessed by an international level panel of referees before their tenures are renewed or permanency granted.

h-2) The salaries of Ph.D level scientists / technologists should be brought at par with those prevailing in industry/ commerce so as to attract the brightest students to opt for careers in various scientific and technological fields.

i) Educational Research and Curriculum Development be given high priority in order to develop high standards of education and training.

 

Agenda Item: Upgradation of R&D Infrastructure and Launching of R&D Programmes

- Upgradation of R&D Infrastructure

a) The existing R&D organizations and S&T departments of Universities, Institutes, Centers shall be critically examined and rationalized, and their infrastructure updated to the International level to conduct meaningful R&D. This will stimulate key development sectors for enhanced productivity and rapid economic growth.

b) Facilities shall be develop at suitable locations for manufacturing, repair and maintenance of laboratory equipment indigenously to support research and development on sustained basis.

c) The R&D component of the recurring grants of R&D Organizations, S&T Department of Universities, Institutes and Centers be enhanced by 3-4 fold.

d) Strengthening of Laboratories & Libraries of Science Department of Universities, Degree awarding Colleges, Centres of Excellence.

- Launching of R&D Programmes

a) Food and Agriculture: (i) Development of high yield, disease resistant and stress-tolerant crop varieties; (ii) Development of biological pest control methods; (iii) Development and commercialization of food processing and preservation techniques; (iv) Controlling water logging and salinity; (v) Development of methods for increasing efficiency of the irrigation systems.

b) Energy: (i) Energy resources assessment, Exploration and exploitation, (ii) Utilization of indigenous low quality coal, (iii) Development and adaptation of renewable energy resources, viz. solar, wind and other alternative technologies, (iv) Energy efficiency improvement and conservation, (vi) Adoption of environmental control technologies, etc.

c) Health: (i) Development of cheaper, safer and efficient methods for the control of communicable and epidemic diseases, (ii) Acquiring of modern techniques for diagnosis and treatment (iii) Carrying out a national nutrition survey for assessment of the problems of malnutrition in different sections of the society and in different areas of the country; (iv) Developing cheaper and effective methods for purification of water resources and safe disposal of municipal and industrial wastes, etc.

d) Electronics: (i) Silicon technology, (ii) Design and development of communication satellite/ancillary ground equipment; (iii) Optical instruments, (iv) establishment of electronics parks for promotion of the electronics industry, etc.

e) Biotechnology: (i) Production of transgenic plants containing useful monogenic traits, (ii) Development of insect/virus resistance in corps, (iii) Nutritional quality improvement in rice and chickpea; (iv) Development of microbial fertilizers, (v) Studies of mechanisms of pathogenesis, resistance to drugs and genetic susceptibility/resistance of the host, (vi) Plant tissue culture for micro-propagation of banana, peach, coconut, date-palm etc., production of mini-tuber in potato, and large-scale forestation, (vii) Floriculture technology of mini-tuber in potato, and large-scale forestation, (vii) Floriculture technology, (viii) Tapping of plant resources of Pakistan for the isolation of those drugs which are in international demand by the pharmaceutical industry, (ix) Biological control of pests, (x) Human DNA typing including micro-satellites, Y-chromosome polymorphism and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis of various Pakistani populations form the clinical, evolutionary and forensic points of view, etc.

f) Pharmaceuticals: (i) Conversion of molasses to citric acid, alcohol etc. (ii) Use of indigenous medicinal plants for the manufacture of ingredients of modern medicines which are presently imported from abroad (such as codeine, morphine etc.), (iii) production of pharmaceuticals from slaughter house wastes (for example insulin, oxytocin, pituitary extracts, plasma substitute etc.), (iv) Production of inorganic chemicals such as magnesium tri-silicate, aluminum hydroxide, ferrous salts, kaolin etc, (v) Production of 20 essential drugs identified by UNIDO based on imported intermediate, etc.

g) Textiles: (i) Improvement in fabric quality and improvement in the technology of finishing, dyeing, printing and finishing to ensure the correct finishing shrinkage control and uniformity in the finishing processes, (ii) Textile designing and its higher reproducibility, (iii) Textile marketing etc.

h) New Materials: (i) Foundation grade pig iron, (ii) Electrical, surgical and other alloy steels, (iii) Ferrous alloys, (iv) Refined copper and its alloys, (v) Aluminum and its alloys, (vi)Composite materials including ceramics and polymers, and (vii) Rare earth metal, (viii) Technology for DRI processes for sponge iron, power metallurgy, vacuum metallurgy, foundry and casting technology, composite materials such as glass fibers and carbon fibers, etc.

i) Engineering: (i) Design and development, (ii) Production processes and systems, (iii) Automation, CAD/CAM, and Robotics, (iv) Use of New Materials, (v) Reverse engineering and Deletion, (vi) Modernization and updating, (vii) Quality control, etc.

j) Ocean Resources: (i) Studies in aquaculture including fish and prawn culture, (ii) Coastal and offshore ecosystems, (iii) Productivity studies in europhic and oligotrophic oceanic environments, (iv) Marine biotechnology, geology/geophysics, (v) Physical and chemical oceanography, (vi) Drugs from marine organisms, (vii) Production of industrial materials including alginic acid, chitin, chitosan, poultry feed, gelatins, etc.

k) Defence: (i) Automated guidance systems, up-gradation of radars, warning receivers and EW equipment on existing air-crafts; (ii) Defence equipment technology for aircraft and ship building, systems analysis and integration, rocket and missiles, radars and micro-electronics, arms and ammunition, automotive vehicles, (iii) Materials and chemical technology, (iv) Electrical and Electronic technology, etc.

 

Agenda Item: Information Technology

- Human Resource Development

a) Ph.D / Masters / Bachelor / Intermediate programs in Information Technology be launched in local and foreign universities of repute.

b) Distance Learning Centers be established in 10 cities of Pakistan and IT course be offered in remote areas and other towns and cities of Pakistan through distance learning using the existing facilities of Allma Iqbal Open University, Pakistan Television, etc.

c) Retraining Centers of IT for unemployed or under-employed engineers, scientists and other professionals be set up, country wide.

d) Specialized Training Centers for training of Trainers be set up in 4-5 major cities and spread in other cities of Pakistan.

e) Internet and Internet infrastructure be provided to all universities of Pakistan and later to colleges and R&D organizations in the public sector.

f) A Scholarships / Qarz-e-Hasna Scheme launched at both undergraduate and post-graduate levels for bright students for studying Computer Sciences, Electrical and Electronics Engineering.

g) Computer Literacy (Computers, Networks, Software, training) be promoted at school level throughout Pakistan to let IT education seep down to children.

h) National Testing Agency be established for standardized testing and certification of IT professionals.

i) Four Information Technology Institutes (ITIs) be setup one each in Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Balochistan in selected universities.

j) A Scheme for introduction to other segments of Information Technology (Tele-Medicine-Health, Large Data base creation, GIS projects for mapping) be launched.

k) A Scheme for retraining government employees in Software purchases, allowances, etc. be launched.

- Development of Enabling Infrastructure

a) Software Technology Parks be established in Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad in the first phase and later in all major cities of Pakistan.

b) Data Network Centers be established in Karachi, Lahore as in Islamabad, where the current operation be expanded and at least in other 10 major cities, in phases.

c) Community Internet Centers be setup in various cities of Pakistan and gradually to District and Tehsil level to bring IT facilities and training to the people at grass roots level.

- Marketing Support for Pakistani Software Companies

a) Series of IT seminars may be conducted countrywide to raise awareness and create interest in students and the business community so that IT can become a mainstream activity in the country.

b) Participation in Major international IT trade fairs, holding IT conferences overseas and IT trade shows in Pakistan be supported to promote IT exports.

c) Overseas marketing offices be established in strategic locations like Singapore, Silicon Valley, USA, etc.

d) A Scheme for the development of Software in Urdu and regional languages be launched.

e) A Scheme for triggering off local data entry and Blue collar IT activity be launched.

- Regulatory Framework

a) A venture Capital Seed Fund with public-private partnership be established to promote IT related industry in the country.

b) A Fund for development and production of IT and communication products be created to boost electrical and IT related hardware manufacturing Industry in Pakistan, etc. be established.

c) E-Commerce pilot project for facilitation, training and core infrastructure be launched.

d) E-Government pilot projects at two Ministries and the office of the Chief Executive of Pakistan be launched.

e) Legislation drafting for IT related issues be undertaken.

 

Agenda Item: Restructuring of R&D Organizations

- Legal Framework

a) At a minimum those R&D Organizations established under Resolutions be converted under Act(s) and certain measure of uniformity be introduced.

b) The Boards of Governors of many R&D organizations need to be reconstituted to have primarily the Scientists and Technologists with balanced representation of public and private sector. The numbers should not be so large as to make the Governing Bodies unwieldy and unmanageable.

c) The main level of external control over R&D organizations frequently used by the Government is the policy direction issued to them. To curtail frequent Government interference under Policy directions it is desirable that the term Policy and its parameters be clearly defined in the law and not left to arbitrary misuse by the Government/ Ministries.

d) Many of the laws under which R&D organizations are functioning were legislated many years ago. Some of them are old and outdated. All these laws need to be reviewed Keeping in view model legislation in other suitable countries as well as Legislation of organizations like PAEC, KRL, and PSF, etc.

- Administrative Measures

a) The Heads of Organizations should be appointed by the Board of Governors through transparent open competition.

b) Once appointed, the Heads of Organizations should have the authority to hire and fire, promote and transfer, etc. in accordance with the provisions of the Acts, Rules and Regulations.

c) To avoid stagnation and frustration at the management/ policy levels inter-institution transfer may be introduced. Inter-institution transfers should be made at levels where management of R&D and technology are the primary tasks rather than direct participation in operational research.

d) Where necessary for special projects, the Head of Organization must have the authority to fill in a professional gap by making contract appointments on terms and conditions to be approved by the Board of Governors/ Executive Committee.

e) Uniform service conditions, financial benefits and other facilities be introduced in all R&D organizations on priority basis.

f) A system of tenure track appointments may be experimented with. Initially a two track policy where existing incumbents may choose a tenure appointment or a tenure track appointment, which would facilitate transition.

- Structural Changes

a) Most R&D organizations do not have short/medium term business plans let alone long term plans. These business plans should be made obligatory for all institutes. Within the business plans the maximum emphasis should be on meeting the end-users requirements.

b) A major weakness with our R&D organizations is poor ability to prepare and approve projects. Many projects are undertaken without clear reference to socio-economic needs, availability of funds, and caliber of the available team to deliver, or time framework for completion of the research effort. All R&D organizations should have a system of Research Advisory Committees and a project selection system, which would approximate that adopted by PSF for evaluation and funding of research projects.

c) Schemes relating exclusively to R&D should not be referred to Planning Division and approval should rest with the Ministry/ Organization concerned.

d) Scientists generally are unsuited to commerce and marketing. Each R&D organizations should therefore have a Marketing Cell. If this would mean necessary expansion, the STEDEC could be strengthened to meet the Marketing needs of all the other organizations. A much closer interface between STEDEC and R&D organizations would need to be developed.

e) Approval for all trips abroad including training, workshops, symposia, seminars, etc., which are fully foreign funded or where the budget and funds are both available should be delegated to the Head of R&D organization and where a number of organizations are involved, the Secretary of the Ministry/ Division may decide.

f) The R&D resources available in the country presently are spread thinly and there is a lot of duplication. A concerted effort to consolidate, reduce duplication and share available resources through a pooling mechanism/ common workshops should be assigned priority on the recommendations of the ECNCST.

g) To reduce public sector risk and encourage interface with the Industry, Government should enter into Joint R&D ventures with the private sector contributing 30 to 50% of the cost, which may be raised gradually to 80%.

- Financial

a) Grants to R&D organizations should be non-lapsable. Insistence on the 30th June deadline frequently results in irresponsible expenditure and wastage of funds particularly against releases made at the fag end of the financial year.

b) Within non-development budget grants the distinction between establishment and –non-establishment should be eliminated. The Head of organizations should have the complete powers of re-appropriation within the budget. This would additionally be an incentive to reduce establishment costs.

c) All earnings by R&D Organizations should be retained by them. Those organizations which do well by way of generating funds should be rewarded through the incentive of matching grants equivalent to the amount earned.

d) Releases to R&D organizations and Universities should be on a six monthly basis or at a minimum quarterly basis. Monthly releases to R&D organizations involve them in endless red tap-ism.

e) Import of equipment and consumables for R&D organizations and Universities should be exempted from levy of Custom duties and other taxes.

 

Agenda Item: Technology Development and Industrialization

a) Technology Development Fund (TDF), which is already in the pipeline be set up immediately.

b) A Technology Venture Capital Company (TVCC) should be established for providing risk capital to new industrial projects launched on the basis of indigenous scientific developments.

c) Technology Cluster Centers be established to provide training, consultancy, products development and quality improvement testing facilities, etc. services to support the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the fields such as; (i) Surgical goods, (ii) Fans, (iii) Industrial electronics, (iv) Leather goods, (v) Linen and garments, etc.

d) Modern Industrial Parks to promote triangular linkage among Government, Industry and Research for technology development be established along potential Universities/Institutes.

e) Various technologies shall be developed and commercialized on contract basis in National Technology Priority areas, viz (i) Manufacturing Engineering, (ii) Chemicals-based manufacturing including cement, sugar, paper and pharmaceutical, (iii) Biotechnology and agro-based industries with emphasis on utilization of agricultural wastes, (iv) Textile with particular emphasis on fabrication of textile machinery, (v) Leather manufacturing, (vi) Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials based Industries, (vii) Coal, Solar Wind and Hydro-energy, (viii) Electronics, (ix) Information and Communications, (x) Engineering Goods, (xi) Environment, (xii) Health Technologies, (xiii) Space Technology, (xiv) Transformation Technology, (xv) Farm Machinery, (xvi) Marine Technology, (xvii) Conventional and Computerized Manufacturing Tech-nology, (xviii) Automobile Technology.

f) The Metrology, Standards, Testing and Quality (MSTQ) infrastructure should be established through operationalization of NAC; strengthening of Pakistan Standard and Quality Institute, National Physical Standard Laboratory and National Quality Assurance Council and launching quality awareness raising programs.

g) Industrial analytical centres should be established at ten existing R&D Institutions of Pakistan. These should include centres in the fields of textiles, pharmaceuticals chemicals, leather, agriculture, poultry and livestock, agro-chemicals, mining and oil exploration, and high technologies.

h) Pakistan Scientific and Technological Information Centre (PASTIC) be strengthened to establish Technology Database service for nationwide dissemination of Industrial and Technical information.

 

Agenda Item: Strengthening of Policy Co-ordination and Management Structure

a) The Minister for Science and Technology be given representation in ECC and ECNEC.

b) The MoST be strengthened to play its due role as a focal point for processing, funding and monitoring of S&T development projects and coordinating with other concerned Federal Ministries and Provincial S&T Departments.

c) The PCST be strengthened to perform its functions of the Secretariat to NCST and ECNCST effectively.

d) Departments of Science and Technology and Science and Technology Councils be established in all the Provinces of Pakistan to promote S&T effort in the Provinces in an organized manner and coordinate it with such effort at the national level. Each Province be provided some financial assistance annually to strengthen its system and provide critical inputs in important S&T programs through an Experts Committee.

 

Chairman
Prof. Dr. Anwar-ul-Hassan Gilani
Ibn-i-Sina
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