Women Entrepreneurship


Pakistan's first Global entrepreneurship monitor (GEM) 2010 study reveals that its 'Total early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity' (TEA) rate is 9.1 percent, of which 6.6 percent are 'nascent entrepreneurs' and 2.7 percent new 'business owner-managers.' The male TEA rate is 4.5 times to female TEA rate.

 

Male

Female

Total Early stage entrepreneurial activity by gender in Pakistan

14.38

3.43

Established business ownership by gender

8.36

0.82

3.1: Entrepreneurial Activity by Gender in Pakistan
(Source: GEM 2010 study, Pakistan)

Province

Male

Female

Sindh

8.3%

3%

Punjab

12.1%

5%

Baluchistan

67.0%

2%

Khyber Pakhtoon Khowa

14.7%

0%

3.2: Total Early Stage Entrepreneurial Activity in Different Regions
of Pakistan, 2010

(Source: GEM 2010 study, Pakistan)


Province

Opportunity TEA

Male

Female

Sindh

4.1

1.95

Punjab

5.7

2.38

Baluchistan

42.5

2.00

Khyber Pakhtoon Khowa

11.8

0.00

3.3: Male and Female Total Early Stage Entrepreneurial Activity in Pakistan
Regions, 2010 Based on Opportunity Entrepreneurship
(Source: GEM 2010 study, Pakistan)



Province

Necessity TEA

Male

Female

Sindh

3.4

0.8

Punjab

5.5

2.0

Baluchistan

25.0

0.0

Khyber Pakhtoon Khowa

2.9

0.0

3.4: Male and Female Total Early Stage Entrepreneurial Activity in Pakistan
Regions, 2010 Based on Opportunity Entrepreneurship

(Source: GEM 2010 study, Pakistan)